Protection for undocumented immigrants, tougher gun laws, recreational marijuana: California will go into 2018 by turning into the US equivalent of a Scandinavian country.
A handful of new laws will go into effect in California come the new year, affecting everything from crime, to transportation, to wages.
Undocumented immigration is possibly the area that will see the most drastic regulations in California, especially as the federal government tries to curb it. Per new state laws, local authorities will be limited in their ability to cooperate with the federal government in sharing immigration status, and landlords can also face civil penalties if they try and threaten to report their renters to federal immigration authorities.
In addition, agencies working with juveniles or developmentally disabled people won’t have to report illegal immigration statuses. Moreover, workplace raids will need a warrant and workers will have to be given a 72 hour notice.
In September, parents won’t be required to list gender on their children’s birth certificates. In addition, Men will also have a simpler time changing their kids’ diapers, as a variety of public buildings will have to provide changing stations in men’s restrooms as well.
When it comes to the education system in California, schools will not be allowed to deny school lunch to children who don’t have the funds and can’t afford it, and they will have to provide free tampons and sanitary supplies for students in grades six through 12.
In 2018, companies with a staff of 26 or more will have to pay their employees at least $11 per hour, up from the current $10.50. In companies that are a bit smaller, the minimum wage will be $10.50.
Additionally, it will be illegal to ask prospective employees for their salary history, and equal pay laws will cover government jobs as well.
New parents working at companies of 20 or more employees will be able to take up to 12 weeks of parental leave: Those will be unpaid, but they won’t lose their health coverage while away.
Refinancing a mortgage and other real-estate transactions will be charged a $75 fee that will go towards low-income housing.
Come 2018. school officials will no longer be allowed to carry concealed weapons on campus, and open carry of unloaded guns can now be forbidden by local authorities. Furthermore, individuals will need to get a serial number if they are thinking about assemble their own gun.
Families will no longer have to pay fees for the handling of their children while in the juvenile justice system, and minors will no longer serve life sentences without parole.
Individuals in the state of California will be free to smoke marijuana recreationally. But not everyone will have effortless access immediately. Only a few cities will have retailers licensed to sell recreational pot at the start.
Commercial bus riders who do not wear a seatbelt might be fined up to $20. Furthermore, drivers will be subject to a fine for smoking pot in their car when on a state road. Starting a road crossing while the signal is blinking will no longer be considered jaywalking.
In 2018, antibiotics for animals will need prescriptions, and cleaning products will have to have clear labels for hazardous chemicals. In addition, AIDS will be treated like all other communicable diseases, and knowingly transmitting HIV will no longer a felony.